What are Sneaker Made of?

What are Sneaker Made of? Sneakers have become an important part of everyone’s lives for a long time now. They are a valuable accessory in everyone’s casual and stylish wardrobe. Thousands of different brands around the world are coming up with newer designs, better materials, and the most stylish patterns to attract their customers. High-end brands like Adidas, Nike, Gucci, Balenciaga, Tom Ford etc. claim their sneakers are of top class and each of them are confident that theirs’ is the best.

Some people buy sneakers of their choice that are as expensive as $3000 dollars, while others have a more reasonable budget and try to manage their favorite pairs for roughly $100. This increasing hyper for sneakers is probably become people can style sneakers with almost any outfit. 

They are also easy to wear, comfortable and flexible. In the past people did not use to pay much attention into the materials that were used to manufacture sneakers, or what fabric was being used, the quality of those materials. But now as the demand for sneakers has increased, so has people’s inquiries. Now customers are educated enough to know what material is good enough, which one suits their skin and etc. Some of us even verify the quality of the sneakers before purchasing. If you are one of those customers and want to know what sneakers are made of? Stay tuned with us.

Time to decompose sneakers

Did you know more than 23 -24 billion sneakers pairs and manufactured every year around the world? But they take about have a century or more to decompose? Most of the sneaker manufacturing companies use plastic, rubber and petroleum to produce sneakers and also discharge an enormous amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

A sneaker startup company stated 300 million sneakers are dumped into the earth every year and they rot in landfills for 50+ years until they decompose completely.

Materials that are used to make sneakers

Sneakers are made of polyester, nylon, cotton, wool, PU (synthetic leather), foam or leather. Most of the sneakers that are made of leather are expensive. Wherelese, synthetic materials are less expensive than leather. Sneakers made of synthetic materials contain a second layer of polyester materials. They come in different colors, patterns & textures. Method of sneaker manufacture out of synthetic materials are also a key in determining its quality & price. 

Two layer synthetic sneakers are made using woven or non-woven process, method of adhesion may also be using. Sometimes wet or dry processing technique is also used to determine the quality or longevity of the sneaker pairs. Sneakers made of lower quality synthetic materials may have creases, wrinkles and may even have a rough exterior surface. Rubber is another common material used to make athletic sneakers for tennis, football, volleyball or sprinting. Regarding foam, they are divided into two types: closed & open cell. All foam is produced from plastic. 

Open cell foams are permeable and allow water & air to pass in & out. KFF or KF are such foams that are found on the tongues & collar of many sneakers.  Reticulated foams make sneakers breathable and have good ventilation systems. On the other hand, closed cells are sealed and even gases cannot escape. They are used to make the midsoles of your sneakers. Polyurethane, Neoprene, Latex & Eva foam are responsible for making your sneakers waterproof and elastic.  


Different parts of your sneakers are made of different materials

Bottom Soles:

Bottom soles of your sneakers are made using solid rubber. These do not leave mark on the floor while walking and are good for sports. Some sneakers soles are also made of gum rubbers that are made of synthetic & natural rubber, giving sneakers a spongy appearance. You will find most track & runner sneakers containing yellow gum rubber in their soles.

Some sneakers contain carbon along with rubber in their soles. Carbon helps make rubber last for longer period of time. They provide great support & traction while walking or playing in a concrete surface. But the disadvantage of rubber & carbon soles on sneakers is that they can leave black scuff marks in wooden floors.

Middle soles:

The middle sole of your sneakers contain polyurethane. Polyurethane helps to provide cushioning and comfort to your feet. Many of you do not know that middle soles are actually the heart of sneakers. By sliding your feet into the sneakers you can very well feel whether the sneakers are comfortable and flexible, and whether you want to buy them or not. If your middle soles change color after years, that is because polyurethane turns yellow as it ages. Sometimes foam pellets are also used to make middle soles. 

Light creases and visible fine lines in your middle soles indicate that they are made of foam pellets. These provide good cushioning too. Some companies also manufacture middle soles by combining rubber and foam pellets that are molded and then injected into the sneaker pairs. This combination makes sneakers lightweight and when you slide your feet into them you will feel that your legs are as light as feather. 

Upper portion:

The upper part of the sneakers contains the exterior surface and shoelaces. The upper part of made usually of leather, synthetic textile materials like polyester, nylon, cotton, or canvas. Some sneakers are also made of mesh materials. The laces are usually made of cotton cloth and come in different colors and designs. 

Also Read: What Sneakers are Made in the USA?

Bottom Line

Now that you have read our article you should know what are sneakers made of and about all various materials that are used to make sneakers. Knowing them helps customers to decide that kind of sneakers they would prefer. Materials also help customers determine quality & durability.

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